43 New Varieties Breeded by Nuclear Radiation in Jiangxi Province

In people's minds, mentioning nuclear radiation can make people talk about nuclear discoloration. Nuclear radiation technology is used in agricultural products. Agricultural products that are irradiated by nuclear radiation are not only healthier, safer and fresher, but also worth more. The reporter recently learned from the Institute of Atomic Energy, Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences that in recent years, the research, development, promotion and application of nuclear agriculture in Jiangxi Province has been accelerated. Nuclear technology has been widely used in the breeding of agricultural products, preservation and other fields, nuclear farming breeding is becoming second only to the routine in our province. The new breeding methods for hybrid breeding have selected 43 new varieties.

Radiation induced mutation breeding is a new technique for obtaining new genetic resources, breeding superior varieties, and solving crop improvement. The Institute of Atomic Energy of Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, as the only scientific research unit engaged in the research and development of nuclear farming technology in Jiangxi Province, carried out basic research on radiation breeding earlier in the country, and cooperated with agricultural and forestry scientific research units and seed breeding farms across the province to carry out interdisciplinary research. Joint research, extensively carried out rice, vegetables, fruit trees, flowers, rapeseeds, soybeans and other crops radiation mutation breeding research, has radiation breeding 43 new varieties of crops, a total area of ​​56.4 million mu of promotion, increase production of 1.34 billion kilograms of food, increase production 45 million kilograms of peanuts won one national invention award and eight provincial awards. The Institute of Atomic Energy also establishes and perfects the development model of industrialization of radiation breeding based on “research-enterprise-market” and promotes the healthy development of industrialization of radiation and breeding. He successively chaired a number of research projects on rice breeding, such as the “breeding of ultra-high-yield rice varieties”, “selective breeding of high-quality early rice new varieties”, “research and development of early rice varieties in Jiangxi Province and seed industrialization,” and the provincial Rice Institute. The Pingxiang City Agricultural Research Institute, the Provincial Academy of Forestry and other units carried out rice radiation breeding cooperatives, among which the “New Rice Variety (combination) Research Project for Excellent Rice Production” has successfully selected and validated 4 new varieties; “National Early Rice Quality Improvement "Science and Technology Industry Project Jiangxi Sub-item" has been selected as the new rice variety "Yushaojing 49" and won the second prize of the Provincial Science and Technology Progress Award; the sterile line 17 developed in cooperation with the Ganzhou Agricultural Research Institute, and the Yushan County The special rice development and research center cooperated in the development of functional rice black rice and other radiation breeding, and breeding breeding of resistant rice breeding in Ningdu County improved seed farm, etc., have achieved significant radiation induced mutation breeding effect.

Jiangxi Province is a large agricultural province, with an annual total output of more than 20 million tons of crops, 2 million tons of aquatic products, and more than 1.3 million tons of tea fruits. Many agricultural and sideline products have become a constraint on the agricultural and sideline products industries because they cannot meet the requirements of long-term storage. A major bottleneck in the large-scale development. Nuclear irradiation can kill insects and sterilize fresh foods. Compared with ordinary preservation methods, the storage and preservation time can be extended four or five times and can degrade pesticide residues. However, it has no effect on the nutritional value of food itself, and it is also safe for human health. The application of nuclear technology to agriculture and preservation of agricultural products is regarded as a "high-tech green industry" and has become one of the most important industries in the 21st century.

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